Wednesday October 20: When data hurt the vulnerable

Arena for Journalism in Europe in cooperation with:

On Day 2 of the seminar, we zoom in on the power imbalances, when it comes to personal data. Data collection is ideally balanced with freedom to consent, however vulnerable groups are often not informed, for example when it comes to migrants at Europe’s borders or to predictions in relation to social welfare. What are the dilemmas, and how can journalists research them?

Video stream

10:00 – 11:15 Refugees, children, poor families and other vulnerable groups – how to investigate the victims of big data

Moderation: Marija Ristić, Balkan Investigative Reporting Network, contributor to The Pandemic for Digital Rights Report (slides)


11:30 – 13:00: Power imbalances and freedom of consent

The collection of personal data, including biometric and ethnicity data, is being used as a standard in many contexts. The notion of consent is often disregarded, which is particularly problematic when minority and vulnerable groups are concerned. How can we ensure that consent is really informed and freely given in situations where power imbalances occur, together with cultural obstacles and emotional implications?

Moderation: Serena Tinari, investigative and science journalist, co-founder of


  • Gianclaudio Malgieri, Professor of Law & Technology, Vrije University, Brussels
  • Georgios Glouftsios, Postdoctoral researcher at the University of Trento, School of International Studies, and author of “Engineering Digitised Borders: Designing and Managing the Visa Information System Palgrave, 2021. 
  • Stefania Milan, University of Amsterdam, Datactive project

Program for Tuesday, October 19: Cybersecurity in Europe

Program for Thursday October 21: The power of Big Tech

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